Project Management provides great opportunity for organizations and individuals to achieve their business and non-business objectives more efficiently through implementing change. Projects help make desired changes in an organized manner and with reduced probability of failure or loss. So a project team often includes people who don’t usually work together – sometimes from different organizations and across multiple geographies.
The development of software for an improved business process, the construction of a building or bridge, the relief effort after a natural disaster, the expansion of sales into a new geographic market — all are projects.
And all must be expertly managed to deliver the on-time, on-budget results, learning and integration that organizations need.
Project management, then, is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements.
Project management requires the application of those principles and procedures as well as tools and technologies to ensure that a project can be completed in a way that meets all articulated outcomes, from spending limits to end-goal objectives.
The project management plan is expected to effectively and efficiently guide all aspects of a project from start to finish, with the ideal goal of delivering the outcome on time and on budget.
A project plan often begins with a project charter, and it is expected to identify potential challenges in advance. Risk management is needed to anticipate and handle any roadblocks or surprises that arise so that the project keeps on schedule.
Project management commonly involves overseeing teams from multiple functional areas within an organization as well as overseeing teams and workers from multiple organizations who are expected to work together for part or all of the project’s duration to reach the common goal.
Project managers, thus, need to be able to communicate effectively across many disciplines and inspire unity of action among many workers in order to deliver a successful project.